Global Language Curriculum
PreSchool - Grade 8
Children will be introduced to the Spanish language. They will learn basic greetings, colors, numbers, animals, food, weather, clothing and directions. Spanish is incorporated in an interactive way, through song, dance, art and games, incorporating Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS) and Responsive Classroom. Particular emphasis will be on the repetition of vocabulary and commands.
In Primary School, Spanish is an extension and an expansion of the fundamental concepts started in early childhood education. Children will expand upon their basic knowledge of the Spanish language, reviewing such topics as basic greetings, weather, colors and numbers. Students will additionally learn forms of transportation, body parts, clothing and parts of the house. Spanish is incorporated in an interactive way, through song, dance, art and games, incorporating Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS) and Responsive Classroom. As with other grades, particular emphasis will be on the repetition of vocabulary and commands.
Children will improve their Spanish while in 4th and 5th Grade, expanding their vocabulary and learning basic grammar and expressions. Children will review topics of study from previous years (weather, numbers, colors, etc.), and learn to talk about themselves, their family and the world around them. They will also begin basic conjugation of verbs. Students will engage in listening, speaking, reading. and writing activities.
Middle SchoolFrench - Introduced in 5th Grade
Our French program is based around a method of learning called Comprehensible Input (CI). The goal of CI is for students to acquire the language, not just learn about a language or the grammatical structures of a language. We help students acquire French in much in the same way that those around us taught us our first language, by listening and connecting words and meaning naturally.
Because of the nature of CI, we do not depend on a textbook, but rather on students being able to understand the meaning of what is being said or presented to them. It does not mean that teachers must use only words that students understand. In fact, students learn a new language best when they receive input that is just a bit more difficult than they can easily understand. In other words, students may understand most, but not all, words the teacher is using. We provide students with a variety of sources for comprehensible input, ranging from student created characters and stories, news articles, movies, and the Internet.
We also focus on developing reading skills, since this is one of the most valuable sources of input for students. Graded readers and dedicated reading time in class help students transition into reading authentic texts over the course of their studies. We also continue to fold in short lessons on grammar and culture. Our primary focus will be on listening and reading, helping students grow into the skills of speaking and writing.
Middle School Spanish is an expansion of Spanish from the previous years. Students continue reviewing and learning new vocabulary and grammar tenses. Particular focus is on -er, -ir and -re verbs in the present, past and future tenses, and stem-changing and irregular verbs as well. In accordance with their textbook, students explore Spain and Cuba. Students gain confidence in their language ability through interactive activities integrating listening, reading, writing and speaking.
Latin - 7th - 8th Grade
Our textbook, Ecce Romani, introduces the students to the language of the Ancient Romans. For each chapter, vocabulary lists are studied and copied into each student’s notebook. We not only work on vocabulary for retention and translation, but also study the etymology of the words and search for English derivatives.
Grammar and Mechanics
Grammar is the other core part of Latin. Students are introduced to the sentence structure, terminology, and design of the Latin language so as to be able to translate and ultimately write in the Latin language. Early Latin I grammar includes the nominative, accusative, dative and ablative cases. Students also study the tenses for verbs, the first and second declensions for nouns, and adjective-noun agreement.
Each chapter of Ecce Romani includes a translation passage that utilizes new and past vocabulary as well as building on new and previous topics in grammar. The goal is to have students read and translate for understanding, speed and accuracy. The Romans Speak for Themselves is another text that allows students to translate the works of ancient Latin authors, but the grammar and vocabulary is adjusted for where they are in the course.
Throughout the course, the culture and history of the Roman Empire is further investigated. Reading primary sources in the target language is one way students are introduced to the ideas and events of Ancient Rome. Students also look at mythology and legends connected to the Romans. We also study modern examples where Latin is found today.
Although Latin is no longer a spoken language, students will learn some of the basic terms used to speak in the target language. Emphasis is placed on proper pronunciation and usage.